Already half of humanity lives in cities, by 2040 it be 65 %. In order for the megacities of the future to have enough food, water and energy and not to stifle traffic congestion, garbage problems, reducing crime, city planners are also banking on the Internet of Things (IoT). Read in this blog post how IoT applications and machine-to-machine communication are turning a city into a smart city.
What is The Benefits of Iot Application for Smart Cities?
The coexistence of so many people works in so little space, it must be well organized. And without robbing the inhabitants of any kind of freedom or self-determination. In this case, it is important increasing the efficiency of using energy, water etc. The role of IoT in smart cities have had vital important for these tasks.
In short way, if as many elements of a city as possible are networked with each other, it is also possible to mutually agree on one another in order to achieve maximum output with a minimum of resources. These “elements” can be residents, garbage cans, street lamps, buildings or lawn sprinklers.
IoT Solutions for Smart Cities:
Here is the IoT Solutions for Smart Cities in substances;
Reducing Traffic Congestion
People living in the city always want to travel in fast-flowing traffic. Traffic jam adversely affects a person’s psychology. Applications that access real-time traffic information, such as Google Maps, it showed where and what reason the traffic is stuck. Google maps are one of the examples of IoT solutions for smart cities.
For another example, the role of IoT in smart cities as Barcelona city is a smart city with the network of traffic lights which along with other things as “green light” routes for emergency services. This situation allows to emergency services like ambulances and the other departments (police cars, fire vehicles) providing emergency assistance faster.
Finding Parking Lots Quickly
On normal days, parking search results in 40 percent of individual urban traffic. On the weekends, this rate can rise up to 70 percents. Better management of parking spaces can greatly relieve the cities which have had traffic intension. There are already many IoT solutions for smart cities.
For example, Vienna’s first venture, Payuca, brings together parking owners and drivers looking for parking spaces. The car driver can see from his smartphone which places are available in his area. The caller can also access the parking spaces via the mobile phone.
People on Bikes
To ease the motorized traffic load of cities, many city governments rely on bicycles.
Here is an example. One of IoT applications for smart cities; together with the bicycle manufacturer Canyon Line, Deutsche Telekom has developed a bicycle that helps solve the urgent city problem: bicycle theft. Standing on a networked bicycle always knows its way. If it’s stolen, the owner can find it.
Making Public Transportations More Active
The automatic communication provided by the IoT application for smart cities makes the use and operation of public transport more efficient and convenient for passengers.
In Linz, for example, several tram sets are connected to the control center via M2M. As a result, the energy requirements of these sets can be reduced by more than 10 percent thanks to more efficient use of acceleration, braking and heating alone. The system also allows the waiting passenger to see if a vehicle is empty, half full or full.
M2M is also a problem for the U5 in Vienna, which is currently under construction and has no drivers; Public transport in Budapest uses a modular traffic control and passenger information system from T-Systems Hungary, FUTAR. There are about 2300 vehicles connected. FUTAR can inform passengers in real time and help the Budapest Transport Center to plan new programs and optimize routes.
Manage and protect buildings more actively
Thanks to the Internet of Things, buildings can be run more efficiently and protected from damage for the development of IoT solutions for smart cities.
M2M specialist Microtronics from Austria offers such solutions for monitoring buildings: if data such as energy consumption, temperature, and humidity are permanently measured, then not only can the heating be optimally adjusted in real-time. The data also provide information on whether there are optimal conditions for goods stored in the building and the humidity or temperature is not too high or too low.
If the values change quite suddenly, such a Machine to Machine solution can alert the building engineer. The rapid intervention also avoids damage to the building itself. This is especially important in historical buildings, such as bridges and roads.
Preventing Noise Pollution
Noise reduces the quality of life. Role of IoT in smart cities can be spectacular. The source of unpleasant sounds is the means of transport, such as cars, trucks, motorbikes or motorcycles. Only about 40% of the World’s population has noise-borne diseases. Let’s consider an IoT application proposal. The sensors measure the noise level at certain locations along a path. If the noise level is too high, the maximum permissible speed is reduced and this reduces noise.
Optimizing Waste Disposal
The municipalities check the waste bins at regular intervals. But this causes the full trash cans not to be emptied on time. One of the IoT solutions for smart cities is trashing with the Internet. Networked trash cans can provide information on filling levels. With this information, garbage throwers could better plan their way.
Grow Vegetables and Plants
Because of the development of IoT applications for smart cities, the sensors can measure soil moisture and temperature in parks and other green areas. Intelligent irrigation systems combine this data with weather forecasts and adjust the amount of water the plants need.
Thanks to the integration of IoT and smart cities, agriculture can also be done in cities. Fully automatic greenhouses are designed to allow the production to be completely independent of the location of the food.
Integration of cities and the Internet of Things is very important. connecting machines with devices and devices with mobile phones will lead to much more. In a rapidly growing world, this will benefit mankind.